Modern science made once valued knowledge public and exposed that to different commercial forces. In many cases fast profits did dominate, The thing is like in time of old times of fast profits were succeeded by the times of famine and depression as the natural resource was abused so was abused the currency and depleted resource was taken over by someone else at a salvage price.
- Main winds are from North and West, need wind block , 3 rows, evergreen, supporting nitrogen fixers, deciduous trees and shrubs. Winds in March up to 100mph, afternoon
- Rains in September, April-May, most of rain comes uneven, creates runoff, slow down, extend dry creek, watch for salt areas and correct.
- Western slope is downwind (good), create terraces for wind block
- Wet area near play ground, correct with french drains, lead water to orchard.
- Correct berm rain overflow with under path french drain, lead run off to gardens.
- find free cover
- Do not mow 10 feet on north side of pasture to create grass water slow down area
- Also block from North weed seeds in the area from overgrazed dry lot.
If a landscaper with any kind of credentials (conventional, permaculture, what have you, any) proposes $$$ solution and wants $$$ for the design do you homework. And do your research.
Decide what you can do what needs to be outsourced and to which contractor.
And here I'm my own general land management contractor, I can weed out many landscapers due to my background and my education. One does not have to be agriculture phd to do that, however education does help, it does set one's mind differently I'm a geek and a scientist and I treat things accordingly, I admit it :)
The bottom line is state forest nursery for small acreage land owner is cheaper and has good stock trees grown in the state. But it all comes with cost of land prep. Tiny tree is not going to grow in bad dirt, will not make it, it's not a weed, weeds will compete and in many cases seedlings are not that big at all so the weed management is very important.
So as immediate measure the 10 feet row from that fence south was not moved, it got almost 3 feet tall, good enough!!!. And it did build a lot of organic matter.
not mowed pasture
orchard pasture and general back pasture condition in summer
These techniques and pile of free wood chips
Also allowed me to plant these, and next row some evergreens.
This season the plan is to maintain clear circle around each of the evergreens, the area is milched for soil protection and moisture storage.
Now entire back orchard is mulched, and so is future wind block area,many piles like that were spread between the clump grasses.
Took a lot of wood chips, no they do not rob nitrogen when they are applied in September to January and they are no tilled into, no soil is disturbed, only covered between the clumps
there are several, and different angles of the orchard, when spring comes full speed and more water comes it will be better. Now we collect every frost every bit of snow and it all sinks in.
And Austrian Pine will go on the west terraces area, these are taller compared to cedar
dry creek at work
rain resulted in flooded play ground... where french drains (now just ditch) are needed
and no that bucket did fill on it's own one spring... in desert... yeah... under 1 month... 1000 y flood made something more... 2 inches under water entire back property...
Now for the permanent dry creek. Deepening the ditch
Second dry creek that leads water from roof, aka dry creek N2 on the other side of the same building... it water runs on one side it would on another... at least from concrete dry way it does...
and it also keeps the shed dry.
so the management here will be... kind of like what land does after the fires... and elevated area with sheet composting, the land has a bit of depression naturally and overflow will be able to go to the irrigation ditch by the fence. This area is layers of sheet composting forming a wide and low berm
Organic matter and weeds coverage. Free wood chips, 1 foot. it does get bone dry , see at the end of the garden, dry creek is on west side of it
road access to barn goes past that so water collection is happening before the road
that amount retains a lot of moisture and in our arid climate I've got me free sheet composting area... that was enriched with minerals from lava rock indeed.
And we got this area not muddy.
Just like this one
perfect water retention, dry chicken run and slow snow melt down.
Also bind weed control when the chickens dig for the good stuff.
That's stage one of the project, when more logs are delivered full retaining wall will be implemented here and terraces.
similar to other side of the front done here on top, it's the same slope... water has some velocity there as well, lots collected by lawn but some terraces still needed... so we need to go 1-2 feet up like here on top.
rock dust from dry creek sifted rock is a brown gold. lava rock dust is one of the best things to go into new beds...
bare root caragana and choke cherry, and Austrian pine (planned)
Caragana is a nitrogen fixer, also honey plant... That acacia honey that costs bug $, that's from that plant indeed. One of common names for caragana is yellow acacia.
Caragana supporting aspens. Similar application will be in northern wind block and orchard.