And by this time patch needs thinning, I'd say the mother plants needed that in spring, but I did nt get to it as we had quite odd weather and maybe I should have. Also I did hold on it because several not thorny berries types were considerably damaged by rabbits. Thorn-less blackberry and boysenberry sustained the most damage, boysenberry was eaten flush to ground.
Also that was they year when we had unusual amount of grashoppers and they did some damage also.
Thinning raspberry is a necessary maintenance for both first year canes type or second year canes type. It goes from
One should not leave many canes, all weak and thin canes should go and give room to new first year canes that will become second year canes next year, one would identify second and first year canes easy, first year cane does not fruit, second year cane does.
It it is first year fruiting variety, they are easy, trim all, let it re-grow in spring, trim all late autumn or winter when it's dormant.
All second year canes are cut (ones that had berries) for this type, first year canes are either cut out completely (any weak or too close) and top of the cane is trimmed too at about 3mm from the last bud, no need to leave cane much above the last bud, it will dye off, no need for the palant to wast energy there. Correct top of the cane pruning is important.
How high - it depends. Outer side of the row gets trimmed to about 60cm, inner to about 80cm, or 2 and 3 feet accordingly. If canes look sort of thin - 2 feet or 60cm.
One of easy ways is to set up the patch such that one side of drip line has one year canes, next year switch the sides. It's one of the ways to manage. Another way - second year canes are 'thornier'
So there was a lot of material taken and put into compost-hugel beds.
When it comes to pest management and fertilizing here are my helpers
We saved this one ad it was nearly run over by a truck on the road, put it into tank, watched a little to be sure it was not run over.
Here is second part of garden helpers.
When we have raid earth warms get washed out on marge driveway
They compost my kitchen waste or bad vegetables that chickens do not get. 0 produce waste and good benefit to my plants and worm castings too.
All my banana peals get nicely worm-composted and any of my bad winter squash does to.